Two studies examine the compatibility between herbicide release of red or jack pine plantations in Wisconsin and the maintenance of Karner blue butterfly (Lycaeides melissa samuelis), a federally listed endangered species.
Research supported by the College of Natural Resources and the Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station, University of Minnesota; the National Council of Air
and Stream Improvement (NCASI); the Wisconsin Department of Trade and Consumer
Protection; Consolidated Paper Company; and the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation.
Sucoff, Edward; Nichols, Thomas Jerome; Lu, Ehr-Yang.
Herbicide effects on host plants of Karner blue butterfly and on butterfly development from egg to adult..
University of Minnesota.
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