Abstract Purpose: This study compared undergraduate college students’ attitudes toward a similar-aged male peer who used a nonelectronic augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) system with and without a partner reauditorization strategy. The study also examined whether partner reauditorization was associated with reported increases in (a) ease of understanding the peer who used AAC, (b) willingness to engage in interactions with the peer who used AAC, and (c) preferences regarding the AAC systems. Method: The independent variable for this study was the presence or absence of partner reauditorization. Sixty-four undergraduate female college students viewed a video of a peer who communicated using a nonelectronic AAC system in which the communication partner reauditorized the aided message, and a second video in which the message was not reauditorized. The sequence of videos was counterbalanced. The dependent variables were the participants’ reported (a) attitudes toward the peer who used AAC, as well as reported (b) ease of understanding the peer, (c) willingness to engage in interaction with the peer, and (d) preferences regarding the AAC systems. After viewing each video, participants completed the Attitudes Toward Nonspeaking Persons survey (ATNP; Gorenflo & Gorenflo, 1991). Attitudes were measured using mean ratings from the ATNP. Participants also answered survey questions that were developed for this study, each of which utilized a five-point scale similar to the scale of the ATNP. Mean ratings from these original survey questions were used to measure reported ease of understanding and willingness to engage in interaction with the peer who used AAC, as well as preferences about the AAC systems. Results: Participants reported (a) more positive attitudes toward, (b) a greater ease in understanding, and (c) an increased willingness to interact with the peer who used nonelectronic AAC with partner reauditorization versus without partner reauditorization. The presence or absence of partner reauditorization did not influence reported preferences regarding AAC systems, however, a majority of participants reported a preference for an electronic speech-generating device over a nonelectronic AAC system. A majority of respondents commented that reauditorization contributed positively to the conversation shown in the video. Conclusion: Partner reauditorization may play a role in improving attitudes that individuals hold about peers who use nonelectronic AAC. Partner reauditorization may also contribute to ease of understanding the aided message and increased likelihood of peer interactions.
University of Minnesota Ph.D. dissertation. July 2016. Major: Speech-Language-Hearing Sciences. Advisor: Joe Reichle. 1 computer file (PDF); viii, 111 pages.
Hyppa Martin, Jolene.
The Effect of Partner Reauditorization on Undergraduates’ Attitudes Toward a Peer Who Communicates with Augmentative and Alternative Communication.
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