Objectives: The main aims of this study were to assess society’s use of community pharmacies; evaluate attitudes towards the role of
the community pharmacist; and describe required pharmacist characteristics and future services.
Study design: A cross-sectional survey with a stratified sampling technique.
Methods: A self-administered, validated, questionnaire was distributed to 500 consumers in attendance at 50 community
pharmacies in Baghdad, Iraq. Data were gathered from January to April 2012. Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis tests were
performed to test for statistical differences among the study variables. Further analysis through the Chi-square test and logistic
regression was completed to assess the predictors of society’s attitudes.
Results: Twenty-six percent of respondents visited their community pharmacies at least once per week and an additional 65%
reported visiting their pharmacy at least once per month. Fifty-five percent of respondents listed the community pharmacist as the
first person they would contact in case of any drug-related problem. However, the pharmacist’s role was under-appreciated by the
majority of respondents (79.8%). These attitudes varied significantly with regard to the demographic characteristics of respondents.
Logistic regression analysis showed that gender and age were the influential predictors of favourable versus non-favourable attitudes
towards the role of pharmacist.
Conclusions: The use of community pharmacies in Iraq was characterized by frequent visits to purchase medicines. Selection of the
pharmacy primarily depended on its location. Overall, an under-appreciation of the professional performance of pharmacists was
predominant. Raising public awareness towards the important role of community pharmacists in providing public health is
Ibrahim, Inas R.; Al Tukmagi, Haydar F.; Wayyes, Abdulrasoul.
Attitudes of Iraqi society towards the role of community pharmacists.
University of Minnesota, College of Pharmacy.
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