In 1863, the Metropolitan Railway of what came to be known as the London Underground successfully opened as the world's first subway. Its high ridership spawned interest in additional links. Entrepreneurs secured funding and then proposed new lines to Parliament for approval, though only a portion were actually approved. While putative rail barons may have conducted some economic analysis, the final decision lay with Parliament, which did not have available modern transportation economic or geographic analysis tools. How good were the decisions that Parliament made in approving Underground Lines? This paper explores the role accessibility played on the decision to approve or reject proposed early London Tube Schemes.
University of Minnesota M.S. thesis. August 2014. Major: Civil Engineering. Advisor: David M. Levinson. 1 computer file (PDF); v, 42 pages.
Giacomin, David J..
Accessibility and the choice of network investments in the London underground.
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