The present study reflects a growing interest in the intersection of work and relationship in adulthood, with emphasis on balance between these two domains of adult lives. Guided by developmental tasks framework, the present study examined (1) the concurrent correlates of work-relationship balance with predictors from multiple domains including work, relationship, and person variables, (2) predictive validity of the construct on well-being and psychosocial adjustment outcomes, and (3) finally its links to earlier developmental histories, with emphasis on quality of age-salient close relationships and success in earlier developmental tasks. Participants were a subsample (N = 164) from a 37-year longitudinal study of risk and adaptation. Work-relationship balance at age 32 was measured using the Balancing Your Life Questionnaire, including role balance, role ease, and role overload scales (Marks & MacDermid, 1996). Results from the concurrent analyses indicated the dynamic nature of the concurrent influence of work, relationship, and person variables, with special emphasis on the roles of social support and emotion regulation, in predicting work-relationship balance. Predictive validity findings are consistent with the literature that work-relationship balance was linked with life satisfaction at age 32, and some tentative associations were observed between work-relationship balance at age 32 and well-being measures and psychosocial adjustment outcomes at age 34. Finally, developmental findings suggest that social capital and resources, derived from close relationships across development, are cumulative across development and have the potential significance for positive work-relationship balance in adulthood. Implications of the present findings and for future research are discussed.
University of Minnesota Ph.D. dissertation. August 2013. Major:Child Psychology. Advisor: W. Andrew Collins. 1 computer file (PDF); vii, 114 pages, appendices 1-2.
Kuo, Sally I-Chun.
Work and relationship balance in adulthood: an exploration of concurrent correlates, predictive validity, and developmental pathways.
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