Research shows that Korean international students, like other international students, rely on co-nationals for social support in the face of acculturative stress when studying abroad. The ethnic Korean church and the ethnic Korean student groups are two important sources of such social support. However, few studies compared these two sources to see if they predict different levels of distress. The students are divided into four groups, the students participating in both student group activities and church activities (group1, both-goers), the students only participating in the student group activities (group2, student group goers), the students only participating in church activities (group3, church goers) as well as the students participating in neither the student group activities nor the church activities (gropu4, neither-goers). The current study finds that the perceived social support is highly negatively correlated with distress, suggesting that the perceived social support predicts reduced distress in all of the four groups. Yet, ANOVA shows that the four groups did not significantly differ in perceived social support or distress. The Fisher's z transformation t test shows that only the correlations between perceived social support and distress between Group 2 (student group goers) and Group 4 (neither goers) show marginally significant difference (r= .0643).
This research was supported by the Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program (UROP).
Comparing the Effect of Perceived Social Support from Ethnic Student Groups and Ethnic Churches on Distress among Korean International Students..
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