U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and the Substance Abuse and
Mental Health Service’s Administration’s 2003 National Survey on substance abuse
estimated that 19.5 million Americans were illicit drug users and 113 million Americans
are alcohol users. Of these 113 million, 33 million engaged in binge drinking and 12.4
million were considered heavy drinkers. Individuals in chemical dependency treatment
have a variety of psychological problems, physical health issues, demonstrate poor
coping skills, and strained interpersonal relationships. Little research addresses these
issues simultaneously, despite how these might all be influenced in the recovery process.
The purpose of this study was to test the effectiveness of the Bonny Method of Guided
Imagery and Music (GIM) on salivary Immunoglobulin A, interpersonal problems, and
sense of coherence in adults undergoing inpatient chemical dependency treatment.
A two-group pretest, posttest quasi-experimental design study based on
psychological and physiological responses to GIM sessions with 19 subjects undergoing
inpatient chemical dependency treatment in the urban Midwest. Subjects (15 male, 4
female) with a mean age of 57.8 (SD 7.1) undergoing treatment due to declining physical
health, family concerns, physician recommendations or court order enrolled in the study.
Subjects were randomized to a weekly experimental GIM condition or to a control, no
treatment condition. Interpersonal problems, sense of coherence and sIgA were measured
at baseline and prior to discharge.
ANCOVA detected significant differences between groups on three subscales of
the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems-Short Form (IIP-SC): domineering (F(1,16) =
5.2; p<.05), socially avoidant (F (1,16) = 4.1; p<.05), non-assertive (F(1,16) = 4.6;
p<>05). Mean posttest scores: domineering 3.0(1.2) (experimental) and 4.9(2.6) control,
socially avoidant 4.2(3.7) (experimental) and 6.4(3.0) control, non-assertive 6.4(3.8)
(experimental) and 9.3(4.0) (control). ANCOVA was significant for manageability
subscale of the Sense of Coherence Scale: (F (1,16) = 7.8; p<.05). Mean posttest scores
49.3(7.5) (experimental) and 41.8(5.4) (control). There were no significant differences
between groups in sIgA.
GIM sessions were found to decreased aspects of interpersonal problems and
increase manageability. Promising results from this study warrant further exploration of
GIM as a therapeutic intervention to address the complex issues, in an effort to contribute
knowledge to the discipline of music therapy.
University of Minnesota Ph.D. dissertation. August 2005. Major: Music. Advisors: Paul Haack, Linda Chlan. 1 computer file (PDF); xi, 190 pages.
Heiderscheit, Annette Lynne.
The Effects of the Bonny Method of Guided Imagery and Music (GIM) on Adults in Chemical Dependency Treatment: Sense of Coherence, Salivary Immunoglobulin A and Interpersonal Problems.
Retrieved from the University of Minnesota Digital Conservancy,
Content distributed via the University of Minnesota's Digital Conservancy may be subject to additional license and use restrictions applied by the depositor.