Heterogeneous computing systems have recently come to the forefront of the High-Performance Computing (HPC) community's interest. HPC computer systems that incorporate special purpose accelerators, such as Graphics Processing Units (GPUs), are said to be heterogeneous. Large scale heterogeneous computing systems have consistently ranked highly on the Top500 list since the beginning of the heterogeneous computing trend. By using heterogeneous
computing systems that consist of both general purpose processors and special-purpose accelerators, the speed and problem size of many simulations could be dramatically increased. Ultimately this results in enhanced simulation capabilities that allows, in some cases for the first time, the execution of parameter space and uncertainty analyses, model optimizations, and other inverse modeling techniques that are critical for scientific discovery and engineering analysis.However, simplifying the usage and optimization of codes for heterogeneous computing systems remains a challenge. This is particularly true for scientists and engineers for whom understanding HPC architectures and undertaking performance analysis may not be primary research objectives. To enable scientists and engineers to remain focused on their primary research objectives, a modular environment for geophysical inversion and run-time autotuning on heterogeneous computing systems is presented. This environment is composed of three major components:1) CUSH -- a framework for reducing the complexity of programming heterogeneous computer systems,2) geophysical inversion routines which can be used to characterize physical systems, and 3) run-time autotuning routines designed to determine configurations of eterogeneous computing systems in an attempt to maximize the performance of scientific and engineering codes. using three case studies, a lattice-Boltzmann method, a non-negative least
squares inversion, and a finite-difference fluid flow method, it is shown that this environment provides scientists and engineers with means to reduce the programmatic complexity of their applications, to perform geophysical inversions for characterizing physical systems, and to determine high-performing run-time configurations of heterogeneous computing systems using a run-time autotuner.
University 0f Minnesota Ph.D. dissertation. July 2013. Major: Computer Science. Advisors: David J. Lilja and Martin O. Saar. 1 computer file (PDF); x 225 pages, appendices A-C.
Myre, Joseph Michael.
A modular environment for geophysical inversion and run-time autotuning using heterogeneous computing systems.
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