Many researchers have investigated the relationship between the experiences of overt racist events and psychological wellbeing (Greene, Way, & Pahl, 2006; Harrell, Hall & Taliaferro, 2003; Okazaki, 2009). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between psychological wellbeing and racial microaggressions. Psychological wellbeing is measured through classifications of depression, depressive symptoms, and self-esteem. A total of 234 African American college students completed the Racial Ethnic Microaggression Scale (REMS: Nadal, 2010); Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES: Rosenberg, 1965), and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI: Beck, Ward, Mendelson, & Erbaugh, 1916). An analysis of the primary factors, depression, self esteem and racial microaggression was conducted. A statistically significant positive relationship between racial ethnic microaggressions and depression (BDI raw scores; r = .622, p < .001; BDI classifications r = .563, p < .001), and racial microaggression and self-esteem, (RSES; r =.206, p =.002) were found.
University of Minnesota Ph.D. dissertation. July 2013. Major: Educational Psychology. Advisor: Dr. Skovholt. 1 computer file (PDF); v, 203 pages, appendices A-B.
Helm, Charles Andre.
Relationship between racial microaggression and psychological wellbeing of African American college students.
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