Since its proposal in 1977, self-efficacy (SE) has been applied to almost every behavioral undertaking imaginable. Over 30,000 studies have been conducted on SE since its introduction in 1977, and even meta-analyses exist in abundance. Unfortunately, the self-efficacy literature tends to suffer from several common oversights: 1) neglecting measurement properties of self-efficacy scales; 2) inappropriate compartmentalization of self-efficacy by domain; and 3) inappropriate categorization of criteria/outcomes of interest. Accordingly, the goal of the present research was to address the criticisms raised above through meta-analyses of five distinct areas: 1) the reliability of scores from SE scales; 2) the convergence of SE scales within and across behavioral domains; 3) the potentially differential relationships between SE scales and personality traits; 4) the potentially differential correlations between SE scales and cognitive ability; and 5) the potentially differential correlations between SE scales and outcomes. General and specific SE scales were examined for potentially differing relationships with variables of interest. Scales of self-efficacy exceeded basic standards of internal consistency reliability (though these scales were most consistent when at least 5 - 8 items in length) and displayed strong relationships with one another, even at differing levels of specificity and across behavioral domains. Additionally, self-efficacy scales demonstrated similar patterns of relationships with personality across domains. While measures of self-efficacy displayed more variable patterns of relationships with specific criteria, most scales - even those not tailored for the specific criterion - still functioned as acceptable predictors of academic and organizational performance.
University of Minnesota Ph.D. dissertation. February 2013. Major: Psychology. Advisor: Deniz S Ones,. 1 computer file (PDF); ix, 233 pages, appendices A-F.
Seltzer, Benjamin K..
The nomological network of self-efficacy and psychometric properties of its general and specific measures.
Retrieved from the University of Minnesota Digital Conservancy,
Content distributed via the University of Minnesota's Digital Conservancy may be subject to additional license and use restrictions applied by the depositor.