Center for Applied Research and Educational Improvement
This research was conducted as part of an Annenberg Foundation funded program. The
purpose of the Annenberg Challenge is to trans form teaching and learning through partnerships
between schools and artists and arts organizations. The theory of action underlying the initiative is
that when teachers and artists collaboratively develop instruction that integrates arts and non-arts
disciplines, instruction in non-arts disciplines becomes more effective and student achievement
The two teams involved in this analysis were assigned to work with general program ninth
graders who had not enrolled in either of two magnet programs at the high school. Their students
were at-risk of low achievement, poor attendance, and behavioral problems. The goals of the two
teams arts initiative were to (1) help students feel more connected to their team and to school
through participating in activities as a community, (2) increase students’ exposure to various arts
forms, and (3) infuse arts activities into their classes to improve students’ engagement and
Freeman, Carol; Seashore, Karen.
The Problem of Reform in Urban High Schools: A Tale of Two Teams.
Center for Applied Research and Educational Improvement.
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