Center for Applied Research and Educational Improvement
The purpose of this report is to synthesize the 9th and 10th grade evaluation reports ascertaining
the effectiveness of the SS&C project on ninth and tenth grade student achievement of the
National Science Education Standards.
Scope, Sequence & Coordination (SS&C) is a national teacher enhancement and curriculum
development project committed to developing activities that help students become more
scientifically literate as defined by the National Science Education Standards (NRC, 1995).
The SS&C project is guided by the following principles: 1) every student should study every
science subject every year, 2) science should explicitly take into account students' prior
knowledge and experience, 3) students should be provided with a sequence of content from
concrete experiences and descriptive expression to abstract symbolism and quantitative
expression, 4) concepts, principles, and theories should be revisited at successively higher levels
of abstraction, and 5) learning should be coordinated in the four science subjects so as to
interrelate basic concepts and principles. SS&C was funded by the National Science
Foundation to develop and implement the first year of a four year set of activities and this
evaluation was designed to document the effect of the SS&C project in relation to the NRC
Lawrenz, Frances; Huffman, Douglas.
Scope, Sequence & Coordination: 9th and 10th Grade Science (Synthesis).
Center for Applied Research and Educational Improvement.
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