Cigarette smoking continues to be the leading
cause of preventable morbidity and mortality
in the United States, causing approximately 443,000 premature deaths annually. Attitudes
for smoking and reasons for continuing to smoke differ between males and females. Gender-‐specific variables related to smoking
were compared for differences to be applied
toward tailoring prevention and cessation
programs. Variables included stress factors, nicotine addiction, weight control, social support systems, and development. The studies
we reviewed showed that women tend to be more
social smokers, start smoking younger, and
use smoking to control weight more than men.
Men tend to smoke more on average and have
greater physiological addiction. In addition to attitudes and reasons for smoking between
the genders, males and females also have
different learning styles. We show that men tend to think more linear-‐sequentially, are deductive reasoning, and learn more through visualization. Strategies for helping each gender group with smoking cessation can be based off of their different reasons for smoking combined with their preferred learning style.