Research has demonstrated that people can and often
do consciously manipulate scores on personality tests.
Test constructors have responded by using social desirability
and lying scales in order to identify dishonest respondents.
Unfortunately, these approaches have had
limited success. This study evaluated the use of appropriateness
measurement for identifying dishonest respondents.
A dataset was analyzed in which respondents were
instructed either to answer honestly or to fake good. The
item response theory approach classified a higher number
of faking respondents at low rates of misclassification of
honest respondents (false positives) than did a social desirability
scale. At higher false positive rates, the social
desirability approach did slightly better. Implications for
operational testing and suggestions for further research
are provided. Index terms: appropriateness measurement,
detecting faking, item response theory, lying scales,
person fit, personality measurement.
Zickar, Michael J & Drasgow, Fritz. (1996). Detecting faking on a personality instrument using appropriateness measurement. Applied Psychological Measurement, 20, 71-87. doi:10.1177/014662169602000107
Zickar, Michael J.; Drasgow, Fritz.
Detecting faking on a personality instrument using appropriateness measurement.
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