A literature survey had been conducted by the St. Anthony Falls Hydraulic
Laboratory to assess various methods for separation of sediment from stormwater
at construction sites. Two methods have shown some promise in this
application, and a research program was initiated with the objective of evaluating
the effectiveness of the methods in removing fine grained inorganic
solids from water.
Experimental+ facilities were set up to test full-scale units of an inclined
tube settler and a Discostrainer in an environment approximating that
in the field. These units were tested for removal efficiencies of inorganic
solids with sizes less than 100~ and influent concentrations of about
2000 mg/l. Measurements were made of the influent and effluent concentrations
for various flow rates through the systems.
Results indicated that the installation of an inclined tube settler improved
the efficiency of a sedimentation.ta'2k by about 20 percent at the highest
overflow rate tested of about 200 lpm/m (Sgpm/ft) for an average removal
efficiency of about 60 percent. the inclined tube settler also
reduced the sensivity of the overflow rate on the efficiency of sediment removal.
Limited tests with alum added to the influent to increase flocculation
indicated about a 6 percent improvement in removal efficiency.
The Discostrainer was found to be extremely sensitive to influent solids
concentration. thirty percent solids removal was the maximum attained for
the tests conducted. Higher removal percentages may possibly be obtained by
reducing the flow rate or influent concentration.
This report Was submitted in fulfillment of Grant No. R803579 by the St.
Anthony Falls Hydraulic Laboratory of the University of Minnesota under the
sponsorship of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. This report covers
a period from October 1, 1976 to July 1, 1978, and work was completed as of
December 15, 1978.
Municipal Environmental Research Laboratory
Office Of Research And Development
U.s. Enviroid1Ental Protection Agency
Wetzel, J. M.; Bergstedt, L. M.; Cardle, J. A..
Laboratory Evaluation of Methods to Separate Fine Grained Sediment from Stormvvater.
Saint Anthony Falls Laboratory.
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