Urban development of rural and natural areas is an important issue and concern for many
water resource management organizations and wildlife organizations. Change in
groundwater recharge is one of the many effects of urbanization. Groundwater supplies to
streams are necessary to sustain cold water organisms such as trout. An investigation of
the changes of groundwater recharge associated with urbanization of rural and natural
areas was conducted. The Vermillion River watershed, which is both a world class trout
stream and on the fringes of the metro area of Minneapolis and St. Paul, Minnesota, was
used for a case study. Substantial changes in groundwater recharge could destroy the
cold water habitat of trout. In this report we give first an overview of different methods
available to estimate recharge. We then present in some detail two models to quantify the
changes in recharge that can be expected in a developing area. We finally apply these two
models to a tributary watershed of the Vermillion River.
Erickson, Timothy; Stefan, Heinz G..
Groundwater Recharge from a Changing Landscape.
St. Anthony Falls Laboratory.
Retrieved from the University of Minnesota Digital Conservancy,
Content distributed via the University of Minnesota's Digital Conservancy may be subject to additional license and use restrictions applied by the depositor.