Skip to main content
Restriction of range corrections when both distribution and selection assumptions are violated
Gross, Alan L.; Fleischman, Lynn E. (1983)
 

Title 
Restriction of range corrections when both distribution and selection assumptions are violated

Issue Date
1983

Type
Article

Abstract
In validating a selection test (x) as a predictor of y, an incomplete xy data set must often be dealt with. A well-known correction formula is available for estimating the xy correlation in some total group using the xy data of the selected cases and x data of the unselected cases. The formula yields the r[subscript yх] correlation (1) when the regression of y on x is linear and homoscedastic and (2) when selection can be assumed to be based on x alone. Although previous research has considered the accuracy of the correction formula when either Condition 1 or 2 is violated, no studies have considered the most realistic case where both Conditions 1 and 2 are simultaneously violated. In the present study six real data sets and five simulated selection models were used to investigate the accuracy of the correction formula when neither assumption is satisfied. Each of the data sets violated the linearity and/or homogeneity assumptions. Further, the selection models represent cases where selection is not a function of x alone. The results support two basic conclusions. First, the correction formula is not robust to violations in Conditions 1 and 2. Reasonably small errors occur only for very modest degrees of selection. Secondly, although biased, the correction formula can be less biased than the uncorrected correlation for certain distribution forms. However, for other distribution forms, the corrected correlation can be less accurate than the uncorrected correlation. A description of this latter type of distribution form is given.

Appears in Collection(s)

Other Identifier(s)
other: doi:10.1177/014662168300700210

Suggested Citation
Gross, Alan L.; Fleischman, Lynn E.. (1983). Restriction of range corrections when both distribution and selection assumptions are violated. Retrieved from the University of Minnesota Digital Conservancy, http://purl.umn.edu/114842.


Content distributed via the University of Minnesota's Digital Conservancy may be subject to additional license and use restrictions applied by the depositor.