This study examined the ability of three instruments designed to measure
an individual's motivational readiness to change to predict successful postincarceration
adjustment. It examined the post-release status of a sample of BOP
inmates who completed the Residential Drug Abuse Program (RDAP) at a low
security federal correctional institution with their post-test RDAP scores on three
"stages of change" instruments-the University of Rhode Island Change
Assessment (URICA), the Stages of Change Readiness and Treatment
Eagerness Scale (SOCRATES) 8A (Alcohol), and SOCRATES 8D (Drugs). The
questions that guided this study were: Do inmates' motivation to change from
lifestyles of criminal and addictive behaviors increase or improve through their
participation in prison-based treatment programs? If so, how do we know-what
are the predictors of post-release rehabilitation? More specifically:
Can an inmate's score on SOCRATES and URICA "stages of change"
instruments, which are designed to measure an individual's motivation to
change addictive behaviors, predict post-release rehabilitation, defined as
remaining crime- and drug-free, and maintaining stable housing and
Which, if any, of these instrument scales predict post-release success?
m Do other demographic variables predictive of post-release success
emerge from the data?
This study used post-release extant survey data obtained through each
former inmate's probation district regarding participants' post-release status in regards to four factors the literature specifies as indicators of successful
rehabilitation-remaining crime-free (recidivism), remaining abstinent from illicit
substance use (relapse), maintaining stable employment, and maintaining stable
housing. These four factors served as the response (dependent) variables. The
individuals' post-treatment instrument scores (SOCRATES & URICA) sewed as
the primary predictor (independent) variables, and various demographic data
also served as predictor variables.
Several factors were identified which were predictive of RDAP
participants' successes or failure on supervised release (SR). One stages of
change measure, the SOCRATES 8D (drug), was associated with criminality and
employment instability. Participants' education level was associated with
substance use, employment instability, and SR revocation, and participants' race
was associated with employment and housing instability. Participants who were placed in RDAP failure status prior to SR (RDAP Failure-Outcome), had greater
risk of criminality, substance use, and SR revocation, and they had greater odds
of employment and housing instability. As anticipated, these participants
performed more poorly on SR. In fact, RDAP failure was the most telling indicator
of post-release failure and was found to be associated with every outcome
indicator. Several suggestions and recommendations for further research and
programming were provided.
University of Minnesota Ph.D. dissertation. May 2011. Major: Work, Community, and Family Education. Advisor: Dr. Rosemarie Park. 1 computer file (PDF); xiii, 237 pages, appendices A-G.
Moore, Mitchell Jay.
Examining participants' motivation to change in residential drug abuse program graduates: comparing "stages of change"assessment data with post-release status..
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