Supranationalist and intergovernmentalist scholars have long debated the driving forces
behind European integration. The creation of the European External Action Service
(EEAS) forces an examination of this debate in a different way. Many of those countries
pushing for the EEAS foresaw it as an intergovernmentalist institution during the Lisbon
Treaty Negotiations. Indeed, its provisions upon implementation look strikingly
intergovernmental. Despite its current form, the negotiating process between the
European Commission and European Parliament during 2010 was sweepingly
supranational in nature, as the EP asserted its influence as a democratically elected, pan-
European body to demand changes to the final form of the EEAS as well as a greater
oversight role. Though the present form of the EEAS is intergovernmental, the
negotiating process has indicated that a more assertive Parliament may result in greater
long-term, supranational developments.
The Negotiation of the European External Action Service: Theoretical and Policy Implications.
Hubert H. Humphrey School of Public Affairs.
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