An increase in the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide ([CO2]) is having an
impact on many different aspects of the climate system including the surface energy
budget. Several years of climatic and biological data have been collected for soybean, at
the Soybean Free Air Concentration Enrichment (SoyFACE) site in Champaign, Illinois.
Using these data I calibrated the Agro-IBIS (Integrated Biosphere Simulator, agricultural
version) model to simulate the crop response to a CO2 enriched environment of 550 ppm
and the ambient concentration of 375 ppm. Previously the model over predicted the CO2
fertilization effect at 550 ppm by overestimating the leaf area index (LAI). Realistic
simulated LAI values are necessary for accurate simulation of transpiration, one
component of the latent heat flux. I found that improving the phenology routine and
adjusting the specific leaf area parameter results in a simulated LAI value that compares
with the observations within the enriched and ambient environments. I also decreased the
canopy conductance an additional 30% to simulate realistic latent heat flux values at 550
ppm. After validation at the SoyFACE site, I ran Agro-IBIS over the U.S. east of the
Rocky Mountains with current and elevated CO2 concentrations. Here I show the impact
that the response of soybean to elevated CO2 is expected to have on the latent and
sensible heat fluxes across this domain with some areas expected to see a significant
change to both of these terms of 10 – 20%. These predicted changes to the energy budget
are important and need to be considered in future projections of ecosystem response to climate change.
University of Minnesota M.S. thesis. January 2011. Major: Land and atmospheric science. Advisor: Dr. Tracy Twine. 1 computer file (PDF); ix, 69 pages, appendices I-II.
Bryant, Jarod J..
Biophysical effects on U.S. soybean agroecosystems from increasing carbon dioxide concentration..
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