A two-dimensional assessment device of children’s
causal beliefs was constructed on the basis of four
perceived causes of success and failure consequences,
given 12 situations, each describing circumstances for
a consequence. The four perceived causes, ability (A),
effort (E), task difficulty (T), and luck (L), were defined
in terms of two a prior dimensions (i.e., internality
and stability) according to Weiner’s (1974) theory
of causal attribution. Four hundred and fifty-nine
Grade 3, 4, 5, and 6 children were asked to make
preference judgments over 72 paired comparisons. The
data matrices thus obtained were subjected to a multidimensional
preference scaling method based on a
vector model (Carroll, 1972). The internal analysis recovered
the two causal dimensions perceived by children
as hypothesized by the model. This internal
structural aspect of the construct validity was found to
be accompanied by a moderately high test-retest reliability.
Lee, Yeong K & Lee, Seong-soo. (1983). Multidimensional unfolding of children's causal beliefs: One aspect of construct validation. Applied Psychological Measurement, 7, 323-332. doi:10.1177/014662168300700308
Lee, Yeong K.; Lee, Seong-soo.
Multidimensional unfolding of children's causal beliefs: One aspect of construct validation.
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