Three verbal item types employed in standardized
aptitude tests were administered in four formats-a
conventional multiple-choice format and three formats
requiring the examinee to produce rather than
simply to recognize correct answers. For two item
types-Sentence Completion and Antonyms-the
response format made no difference in the pattern
of correlations among the tests. Only for a multiple-
answer open-ended Analogies test were any systematic
differences found; even the interpretation of
these is uncertain, since they may result from the
speededness of the test rather than from its response
requirements. In contrast to several kinds of
problem-solving tasks that have been studied, discrete
verbal item types appear to measure essentially
the same abilities regardless of the format in
which the test is administered.
Ward, William C. (1982). A comparison of free-response and multiple-choice forms of verbal aptitude tests. Applied Psychological Measurement, 6, 1-11. doi:10.1177/014662168200600101
Ward, William C..
A comparison of free-response and multiple-choice forms of verbal aptitude tests.
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