It is hypothesized that some common multiple-choice
intelligence tests exhibit the property that
the correct answer and the distractors together
form a set of elements that, considered apart from
the question, contain information as to which member
of the set is the correct answer. Three
formalized principles (couched in terms of set
theory) are suggested, which enable the correct answer
to be deduced from the answer set. The application
of these principles to two intelligence tests is
demonstrated and an experiment that supports the
hypothesis is reported.
White, A. P & Zammarelli, J. E. (1981). Convergence principles: Information in the answer sets of some multiple-choice intelligence tests. Applied Psychological Measurement, 5, 21-27. doi:10.1177/014662168100500103
White, A. P.; Zammarelli, J. E..
Convergence principles: Information in the answer sets of some multiple-choice intelligence tests.
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