A vast body of methodological research on criterion-referenced testing has been amassed over the
past decade. Much of that research is synthesized in the articles contained in this issue. The fact that
this issue is devoted exclusively to criterion-referenced testing sets it apart as a quintessential journal
publication on the topic.
This paper is intended to provide a broad framework for understanding and evaluating the individual
contributions in the context of the literature. The six articles appear to fall into four major
categories: (1) test length; (2) validity; (3) standard setting; and (4) reliability. These categories correspond
to most of the technical topics in the test development process (see, e.g., Berk, 1980b; Hambleton,